Let's take a look a what researchers and others have found. First, World Public Opinion completed a year-long analysis of news sources. Their key finding:
[T]he frequency of [Iraq War] misperceptions varies significantly according to individuals’ primary source of news. Those who primarily watch Fox News are significantly more likely to have misperceptions [about the Iraq War], while those who primarily listen to NPR or watch PBS are significantly less likely.This comes on the heels of a recent Pew Center poll showing that Fox News viewers are among the least informed on current events.
In addition, researchers Ethan Kaplan and Stefano DellaVigna analyzed the question of Fox News bias by looking at the impact of Fox News on voting patterns. From the National Bureau of Economic Research:
[Kaplan and Della Vigna] found that the introduction of Fox News had a small but statistically significant effect on the vote share in Presidential elections between 1996 and 2000. Republicans gained an estimate of between 0.4 and 0.7 percentage points in the towns that broadcast Fox News. They also find that Fox News had a significant effect on Senate vote share and on voter turnout. Their estimates imply that Fox News convinced 3 to 8 percent of its viewers to vote Republican according to a first audience measure, and 11 to 28 percent according to a second, more restrictive audience measure.
Here's some other info on the Fox New Bias:
- Media Matters reviews a series of internal Fox memos.
- A documentary on Fox News - Outfoxed.
- Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting covers Brit Hume (from the way back machine - pre 9/11).
- Journalists have found Fox News to be, far and away, the most conservative news source.
- The public outing of terrorist who, unfortunately, wasn't really a terrorist.
- Osama, oops I meant Obama, attended a Madrassa, as reported by Fox. Nice.